Characteristics in Wine Tasting

Article was sourced from Google Search Wine Folly

By understanding the 5 basics characteristics below you’ll have a better chance of choosing great wines.

The best way to learn about your taste is to learn to classify wines by their fundamental traits and then pick which traits you like best.
Basic characteristics - traits of wine by Wine Folly

Basic Wine Characteristics

  1. Sweetness
  2. Acidity
  3. Tannin
  4. Alcohol
  5. Body

To understand the basic characteristics of wine it’s important to learn how to taste wine. Learning to identify wine characteristics helps to identify what you like about a wine.

  1. Sweetness – How sweet or dry (not sweet) is the wine?

Our human perception of sweet starts at the tip of our tongue. Often, the very first impression of a wine is its level of sweetness.

To taste sweetness, focus your attention on the taste buds on the tip of your tongue. Are your taste buds tingling?–an indicator of sweetness. Believe it or not, many dry wines can have a hint of sweetness to make them more full-bodied.

If you find a wine you like has residual sugar, you may enjoy a hint (or a lot!) of sweetness in your wine.

How to Taste Sweetness in Wine

  • Tingling sensation on the tip of your tongue.
  • Slight oily sensation in the middle of your tongue that lingers.
  • Wine has a higher viscosity; wine tears on side of glass slowly. (also an indicator of high ABV)
  • Dry red wines such as cabernet sauvignon often have up to 0.9 g/L of residual sugar .
  • A bone-dry wine can often be confused with a wine with high tannin.

2. Acidity – How tart is the wine?

Acidity in food and drink tastes tart and zesty. Tasting acidity is also sometimes confused with alcohol.

Wines with higher acidity feel lighter-bodied because they come across as “spritzy.” If you prefer a wine that is more rich, you enjoy slightly less acidity.

Acidity Characteristics

  • Tingling sensation that focuses on the front and sides of your tongue. Feels like pop rocks.
  • If you rub your tongue to the roof of your mouth it feels gravelly.
  • Your mouth feels wet, like you bit into an apple.

3. Tannin – How astringent or bitter is the wine?

Tannin is often confused with Level of Dryness because tannin dries out your mouth!

What is exactly wine tannin?  Tannin in wine is the presence of phenolic compounds that add bitterness to a wine.

Phenolics are found in the skins and seeds of wine grapes and can also be added to a wine with the use of aging in wood (oak). So how does tannin taste? Imagine putting a used black tea bag on your tongue. A wet tea bag is practically pure tannin that is bitter and has a drying sensation.

Tannin tastes herbaceous and is often described as astringent. While all of these descriptors sound very negative, tannin adds balance, complexity, structure and makes a wine last longer.

How Does a High Tannin Wine Taste?

  • Tastes bitter on the front inside of your mouth and along the side of your tongue.
  • Tannin makes your tongue dry out.
  • After you swallow you feel a lingering bitter/dry feeling in your mouth.
  • Tannin can often be confused with the term “dry” because it dries your mouth out.

4. Alcohol – How much does the wine warm your throat?

The average glass of wine contains around 11–13% alcohol. That said, wine ranges from as little as 5.5% alcohol by volume (ABV) to as much as around 20% ABV.

We interpret alcohol using many different taste receptors which is why it can taste bitter, sweet, spicy, and oily all at once. Your genetics actually plays a role in how bitter or sweet alcohol tastes.

Regardless, we can all sense alcohol towards the backs of our mouths in our throats as a warming sensation. Experts at tasting wine can guesstimate the level within 0.2%!

Alcohol Characteristics

  • Wines with higher alcohol tend to taste bolder and more oily
  • Wines with lower alcohol tend to taste lighter-bodied
  • Most wines range between 11–13% ABV


white wine and dark brown wine in a glass to show light and full bodied wines

5. Body: Light to Full-Bodied.

Are you in the mood for a light, medium or full-bodied wine? Body is the result of many factors – from wine variety, where it’s from, vintage, alcohol level and how it’s made. Body is a snapshot of the overall impression of a wine. You can improve your skill by paying attention to where and when it’s present.

Wine Characteristcs Conclusions

Wine characteristics help identify and relate different wines to each other. Since over 250,000 different wines are released every year around the world, it’s helpful to think about wine characteristics in terms of the varietal and where they’re from. What’s next?

SOME INTERESTING HISTORY ABOUT WINE

Who first invented wine?
The earliest evidence of a grape-based fermented drink was found in China (c. 7000 BC), Georgia from 6000 BC, Iran from 5000 BC, and Sicily from 4000 BC. The earliest evidence of a wine production facility is the Areni-1 winery in Armenia and is at least 6100 years old.

How did wine originate?
The ancient wine production evidence dates from between 8000 B.C. and 4100 B.C., and includes an ancient winery site in Armenia, grape residue found in clay jars in Georgia, and signs of grape domestication in eastern Turkey. The people who made the first wines were of the Shulaveri-Shomu culture.

How was wine made in ancient times?
Grape juice became wine quickly because there was no refrigeration or preservatives in ancient times. … The process of making wine in Ancient Rome began immediately after the harvest with treading the grapes (often by foot), in a manner similar to the French Pigeage

What was invented first beer or wine?
“Beer came first. There was evidence of beer production that dates all the way back to the days of cavemen. Even the earliest Sumerian writings talk about beer! The earliest writings about wine are in the Bible, which comparatively is pretty new.”

What are the 4 types of wine?
There are four main types of wine, red, white, rose or blush and champagne. There are many subtypes within these groups, and different areas of the world produce varying varieties due to soil conditions and climates.

Who invented alcohol?
In India, an alcoholic beverage called sura, distilled from rice, was in use between 3000 and 2000 B.C. The Babylonians worshiped a wine goddess as early as 2700 B.C. In Greece, one of the first alcoholic beverages to gain popularity was mead, a fermented drink made from honey and water.

How did wine spread?
Wine made from domesticated grapes began to spread throughout the Mediterranean most likely due to Phoenician traders. Wine now became spread to North Africa and Southern Europe (e.g., see Figure 1). With the spread of wine, other regions began to be associated with better quality wine

What was the original purpose of alcohol?
So the history of alcohol and drinking is a fascinating part of our past. Historically, alcoholic beverages have served as sources of needed nutrients. They have been widely used for their medicinal, antiseptic, and analgesic properties. The role of such beverages as thirst quenchers is obvious.

Is it better to drink wine than beer?
Beer is conspicuously absent from these health bulletins, but it too contains a fair share of polyphenols, and seems to offer modest benefits, akin to white wine but less than red wine. Clearly, none of this gives you a free pass to binge drink, but if drank in moderation, a glass a day really may keep the doctor away.

The Benefits of Aging

The Benefits of Aging

We all should ask and take note of what Hattie has to say.

Old Ladies Story sm

Exercise & Fitness as you Age

As you grow older, an active lifestyle is more important than ever. Regular exercise can help boost energy, maintain your independence, and manage symptoms of illness or pain. Exercise can even reverse some of the symptoms of aging. And not only is exercise good for your body, it’s also good for your mind, mood, and memory. Whether you are generally healthy or are managing an illness, there are plenty of ways to get more active, improve confidence, and boost your fitness.

Starting or maintaining a regular exercise routine can be a challenge as you get older. You may feel discouraged by illness, ongoing health problems, or concerns about injuries or falls. Or, if you’ve never exercised before, you may not know where to begin. Or perhaps you think you’re too old or frail, or that exercise is boring or simply not for you.

While these may seem like good reasons to slow down and take it easy as you age, they’re actually even better reasons to get moving. Exercise can energize your mood, relieve stress, help you manage symptoms of illness and pain, and improve your overall sense of well-being. In fact, exercise is the key to staying strong, energetic, and healthy as you get older. And it can even be fun, too, especially if you find like-minded people to exercise with.

No matter what your age is or your current physical condition, you can benefit from exercise. Reaping the rewards of exercise doesn’t have to involve strenuous workouts or trips to the gym. It’s about adding more movement and activity to your life, even in small ways. Whether you are generally healthy or are managing an illness—even if you’re housebound—there are many easy ways to get your body moving and improve your health and outlook.

Dianne ‘s Venture Tours www.diannesventuretours.com.au is offering tours in walking, cycling, golf, food and wine, the local area for the Over 50’s, in the Phillip island, and the Bass Coast area.

Types of Activities beneficial to Over 50’s

  • Walking & Cycling: Walking & cycling are a perfect way to exercise..
  • Sports or fitness classes. Keeps you motivated while also providing a source of fun, stress relief, and a place to meet friends, e.g. golf
  • Water aerobics and water sports. Working out in water is wonderful for because water reduces stress and strain on the body’s joints.
  • Yoga. Combines a series of poses with breathing. Moving through the poses works on strength, flexibility and balance. Yoga can be adapted to any level.
  • Tai Chi and Qi Gong. Martial arts-inspired systems of movement that increase balance and strength.

Source: http://www.helpguide.org